In the Forex market the term margin is most often referring to the amount of money required to open a leveraged position, or a contract in the market. It may also be used to describe the type of account, i.e. margin account; meaning that an account is being traded on borrowed funds. It is generally safe to assume that all off-exchange retail foreign currency (or Forex) traders are trading within margined accounts.
Default leverage levels for new accounts are set at 200:1 for Mini accounts and 100:1 for Standard accounts. * These levels have been set by JMI, and will likely vary from broker to broker within the retail Forex industry.
Margin Trading Example
A trader with a $10,000 account balance decides that the US Dollar (USD) is undervalued against the Euro (EUR). The current bid/ask price for EUR/USD is 1.2348/1.2350 - meaning a trader can buy 1 EUR for $1.2350 USD or sell 1 EUR for $1.2348 USD. The trader decides to sell EUR (buy dollars) by selling 1 standard lot. With leverage at 100:1 or 1%, initial margin deposit for this trade is $1,000, leaving the account balance at $9,000. As anticipated, the EUR/USD drops 48 pips to 1.2298/1.2300. To exit the position the trader would close 1 lot at 1.2300 In this scenario the trader has realized a profit of 48 pips or $480 US Dollars.
Managing a Margin Account
It is important that traders new to the Forex market take the time to understand the risk associated with trading in a margined account.
Calculating Your Margin Capability
The maximum available margin is 1% (100:1 leverage) for standard accounts and 0.5% (200:1) for mini accounts. Traders always have the option of setting a lower level of leverage. Doing such may help some traders manage their risk, but bear in mind that a lower level of leverage will of course mean that larger margin deposits will need to be made in order to control the same size contracts.
To calculate the margin required to execute 4 mini lots of USD/JPY (40,000 USD) at 200:1 leverage in a $500 mini account, simply divide the deal size by the leverage amount e.g. (40,000 / 200 = 200). $200 margin will be required to place this trade, leaving an additional $300 marginable balance in the trading account.
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"Securities" means (as from the 2012 amendment) - (a) shares in the share capital of a corporation; or (b) an instrument that creates and acknowledges the indebt - securities that is issued by a corporation or a public office including: (i) debentures; or (ii) debenture stock; or (iii) loan stock; or (iv) bonds; or (v) certifications of deposit; or (c) a right, despite whether or not conferred by warrant, to subscribe for shares or debt securities; or (d) a right under a depositary receipt; or (e) an option to acquire or dispose of any security falling within any other provision of this Act; or (f) a right under a contract for the acquisition or disposal of the relevant securities under which the delivery is to be made at a future date and at a price agreed when the contract is made in accordance with the terms of that contract; or (g) the proceeds of Foreign Exchange; or FOREX (h) the proceeds of precious metals; or (i) the proceeds of commodities.
High Risk Investment Warning: Trading foreign exchange and/or contracts for differences on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss in excess of your deposited funds and therefore, you should not speculate with capital that you cannot afford to lose. Before deciding to trade the products offered by JMI Brokers you should carefully consider your objectives, financial situation, needs and level of experience. You should be aware of all the risks associated with trading on margin. JMI Brokers provides general advice that does not take into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. The content of this Website must not be construed as personal advice. JMI Brokers recommends you seek advice from a separate financial advisor.
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